THE TRANSATLANTIC MAGAZINE
An historically significant pocket watch from the American Civil War will go under the hammer in the UK in a few weeks time.
The watch, manufactured by the American Watch Company, is inscribed "Wilmer McLean, In grateful appreciation of hospitality rendered to General Robert E. Lee, March 3rd 1866.", and takes its place in an upcoming auction hosted by specialist firm Dix Noonan Webb (DNW) on June 9th.
McLean, a grocer from Virginia, played a significant role in the beginning and end of the Civil War. The first Battle of Bull Run, in 1861, took place at McLean's Yorkshire Plantation in Manassas, Prince William Country, Virginia. Fast forward to 1985, and it was Wilmer McLean's home in Virginia which served as the location for General Lee's surrender to Ulysses S. Grant.
Frances Noble, Head of Jewellery at DNW, explained more of McLean's life during the Civil War, and just how the surrender came to take place in his home:
"McLean's house was being used as a headquarters for Confederate Brigadier General P. G. T. Beauregard, and a cannon ball dropped through the kitchen fireplace. McLean was a retired major in the Virginia militia but by 1861 was too old to return to active duty. In the spring of 1863, he and his family moved about 120 miles south to a dusty, crossroads community called Appomattox Court House. On April 9, 1865, General Robert E. Lee was about to surrender to Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, he sent a messenger to Appomattox Court House to find a place to meet. The messenger knocked on McLean's door and requested the use of his home, to which McLean agreed. Lee surrendered to Grant in the parlour of McLean’s house, effectively ending the Civil War. Later, McLean is supposed to have said, "The war began in my front yard and ended in my front parlor.” (sic). Once the ceremony was over, members of the Army of the Potomac began taking the tables, chairs and other various furnishings of the house - essentially anything that was not tied down - as souvenirs."
After the war, McLean was unable to keep up mortgage payments, and was forced to sell the house in 1867 and return to Manassas. McLean and his wife later moved to Alexandria, Virginia, where McLean found work with the IRS, before passing away in 1882, aged 68. A recreation of McLean's House is now part of the Appomattox Court House National Historical Park.
As well as the McLean watch, the auction includes a number of other historically significant military items, including American and British war medals, World War One Pocket Watches and other artefacts which form part of the "Culling Collection". Laura Smith, a Jewellery Expert at DNW, said that "The Culling Collection took half a lifetime of collecting and is impressive, both for the fine condition of the watches, most of which would have seen active service during wartime, and also for the breadth of the collection.
The McLean Pocket Watch watch is expected to fetch between £1000 and £2000 when it goes under the hammer on June 9th, starting at 1pm BST (8am EST / 5am PT). The auction will be online due to the ongoing pandemic. You can find more details on the watch, express interest, ask questions or make a bid by going to https://www.dnw.co.uk/auctions/auction.php?auction_id=542
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